Annexin V-FITC Kit
List Price - 195.60
In early apoptosis, cells lose membrane phospholipid asymmetry, whilst the integrity of the cell membrane is maintained. The Annexin-V kits contain a viability dye to evaluate membrane integrity as well as annexin-V to assess membrane asymmetry.
In fact, phosphatidylserine (PS), a negatively charged phospholipid located in the inner surface of the plasma membrane, appears very early in apoptosis at the external cell surface. Annexin V, a calcium and phospholipid binding protein, binds preferentially to PS. The Annexin V kits employ recombinant annexin V labeled with biotin, fluorescein or R-phycoerythrin in together with the viability dyes propidium iodide (PI) or 7-amino actinomycin D (7-AAD).
Apoptotic cells are easily identified utilizing a rapid and simple staining procedure. Fixation of the cells is not necessary.
When cells are double-stained with annexin V and a viability dye, three different cell populations may be observed (see figure below): (i) live cells that do not stain either with annexin V or with the vital dye, (ii) necrotic or late apoptotic cells that stain with both annexin V and the vital dye, and (iii) early apoptotic cells that stain with annexin V only. Analysis may be performed on any flow cytometer equipped with a 488nm laser or Arc Lamp depending on the reagent kit chosen. Alternatively, the cells may be examined with a fluorescent microscope or cell imaging system equipped with the appropriate filters.
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